Stratification of Lung Cancer Risk with Thoracic Imaging Phenotypes.


In lung cancer screening, estimation of future lung cancer risk is usually guided by demographics and smoking status. The role of constitutional profiles of human body, a.k.a. body habitus, is increasingly understood to be important, but has not been integrated into risk models. Chest low dose computed tomography (LDCT) is the standard imaging study in lung cancer screening, with the capability to discriminate differences in body composition and organ arrangement in the thorax. We hypothesize that the primary phenotypes identified using lung screening chest LDCT can form a representation of body habitus and add predictive power for lung cancer risk stratification. In this pilot study, we evaluated the feasibility of body habitus image-based phenotyping on a large lung screening LDCT dataset. A thoracic imaging manifold was estimated based on an intensity-based pairwise (dis)similarity metric for pairs of spatial normalized chest LDCT images. We applied the hierarchical clustering method on this manifold to identify the primary phenotypes. Body habitus features of each identified phenotype were evaluated and associated with future lung cancer risk using time-to-event analysis. We evaluated the method on the baseline LDCT scans of 1,200 male subjects sampled from National Lung Screening Trial. Five primary phenotypes were identified, which were associated with highly distinguishable clinical and body habitus features. Time-to-event analysis against future lung cancer incidences showed two of the five identified phenotypes were associated with elevated future lung cancer risks (HR=1.61, 95% CI = [1.08, 2.38], p=0.019; HR=1.67, 95% CI = [0.98, 2.86], p=0.057). These results indicated that it is feasible to capture the body habitus by image-base phenotyping using lung screening LDCT and the learned body habitus representation can potentially add value for future lung cancer risk stratification.

  • Antic SL
  • Gao R
  • Huo Y
  • Khan MS
  • Landman BA
  • Li T
  • Maldonado F
  • Sandler KL
  • Xu K
PubMed ID
Appears In
Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng, 2023, 12464