Validation of Serum Biomarkers That Complement CA19-9 in Detecting Early Pancreatic Cancer Using Electrochemiluminescent-Based Multiplex Immunoassays.
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a lethal malignancy; its early detection is critical for improving prognosis. Electrochemiluminescent-based multiplex immunoassays were developed with high analytical performance. All proteins were analyzed in sera of patients diagnosed with PDAC (<i>n</i> = 138), benign pancreatic conditions (111), and healthy controls (70). The clinical performance of these markers was evaluated individually or in combination for their complementarity to CA19-9 in detecting early PDAC. Logistic regression modeling including sex and age as cofactors identified a two-marker panel of CA19-9 and CA-125 that significantly improved the performance of CA19-9 alone in discriminating PDAC (AUC: 0.857 vs. 0.766), as well as early stage PDAC (0.805 vs. 0.702) from intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN). At a fixed specificity of 80%, the panel significantly improved sensitivities (78% vs. 41% or 72% vs. 59%). A two-marker panel of HE4 and CEA significantly outperformed CA19-9 in separating IPMN from chronic pancreatitis (0.841 vs. 0.501). The biomarker panels evaluated by assays demonstrated potential complementarity to CA19-9 in detecting early PDAC, warranting additional clinical validation to determine their role in the early detection of pancreatic cancer.
- Chan DW
- Sokoll LJ
- Song J
- Zhang Z