Highly Efficient Real-Time Droplet Analysis Platform for High-Throughput Interrogation of DNA Sequences by Melt.
Droplet microfluidic platforms have greatly enhanced the throughput and sensitivity of single-molecule and single-cell analyses. However, real-time analyses of individual droplets remain challenging. Most droplet microfluidic platforms have fundamental drawbacks that undermine their utility toward applications that rely on real-time monitoring to identify rare variants, such as bacterial persistence, drug discovery, antibody production, epigenetic biomarker analyses, etc. We present a platform for high-density droplet trapping and real-time analysis with 100% loading and trapping efficiency at a packing density of 110,000 droplets per in<sup>2</sup>. To demonstrate real-time analysis capabilities, we perform digital PCR and parallelized digital high-resolution melt curve acquisition on droplets to discriminate methylation levels of a tumor suppressor gene, <i>CDO1</i>, on a molecule-by-molecule basis. We hope that this platform, which is compatible with a large range of droplet sizes and generation technologies, may facilitate high-throughput real-time analyses on a molecule-by-molecule or cell-by-cell basis of heterogeneous populations.
- Kaushik AM
- O'Keefe CM
- Wang TH