A Novel Blood-Based Colorectal Cancer Diagnostic Technology Using Electrical Detection of Colon Cancer Secreted Protein-2.


Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second-leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide, which may be effectively reduced by early screening. Colon cancer secreted protein-2 (CCSP-2) is a promising blood marker for CRC. An electric-field effect colorectal sensor (E-FECS), an ion-sensitive field-effect transistor under dual gate operation with nanostructure is developed, to quantify CCSP-2 directly from patient blood samples. The sensing performance of the E-FECS is verified in 7 controls and 7 CRC samples, and it is clinically validated on 30 controls, 30 advanced adenomas, and 81 CRC cases. The concentration of CCSP-2 is significantly higher in plasma samples from CRC and advanced adenoma compared with controls (both <i>P</i> < 0.001). Sensitivity and specificity for CRC versus controls are 44.4% and 86.7%, respectively (AUC of 0.67), and 43.3% and 86.7%, respectively, for advanced adenomas (AUC of 0.67). CCSP-2 detects a greater number of CRC cases than carcinoembryonic antigen does (45.6% vs 24.1%), and the combination of the two markers detects an even greater number of cases (53.2%). The E-FECS system successfully detects CCSP-2 in a wide range of samples including early stage cancers and advanced adenoma. CCSP-2 has potential for use as a blood-based biomarker for CRC.

  • Byeon JS
  • Choe J
  • Choi J
  • Do EJ
  • Hong SM
  • Hwang SW
  • Jeun M
  • Joo J
  • Kang JY
  • Kim DH
  • Kim SY
  • Lee HJ
  • Lee KH
  • Markowitz SD
  • Moinova H
  • Myung SJ
  • Park S
  • Park SH
  • Son HN
  • Song EM
  • Sung YN
  • Yang DH
  • Yang SK
  • Ye BD
PubMed ID
Appears In
Adv Sci (Weinh), 2019, 6 (11)