Prediction of patient-specific risk and percentile cohort risk of pathological stage outcome using continuous prostate-specific antigen measurement, clinical stage and biopsy Gleason score.


• To develop a '2010 Partin Nomogram' with total prostate-specific antigen (tPSA) as a continuous biomarker, in light of the fact that the current 2007 Partin Tables restrict the application of tPSA as a non-continuous biomarker by creating 'groups' for risk stratification with tPSA levels (ng/mL) of 0-2.5, 2.6-4.0, 4.1-6.0, 6.1-10.0 and >10.0. • To use a 'predictiveness curve' to calculate the percentile risk of a patient among the cohort.

• In all, 5730 and 1646 patients were treated with radical prostatectomy (without neoadjuvant therapy) between 2000 and 2005 at the Johns Hopkins Hospital (JHH) and University Clinic Hamburg-Eppendorf (UCHE), respectively. • Multinomial logistic regression analysis was performed to create a model for predicting the risk of the four non-ordered pathological stages, i.e. organ-confined disease (OC), extraprostatic extension (EPE), and seminal vesicle (SV+) and lymph node (LN+) involvement. • Patient-specific risk was modelled as a function of the B-spline basis of tPSA (with knots at the first, second and third quartiles), clinical stage (T1c, T2a, and T2b/T2c) and biopsy Gleason score (5-6, 3 + 4 = 7, 4 + 3 = 7, 8-10).

• The '2010 Partin Nomogram' calculates patient-specific absolute risk for all four pathological outcomes (OC, EPE, SV+, LN+) given a patient's preoperative clinical stage, tPSA and biopsy Gleason score. • While having similar performance in terms of calibration and discriminatory power, this new model provides a more accurate prediction of patients' pathological stage than the 2007 Partin Tables model. • The use of 'predictiveness curves' has also made it possible to obtain the percentile risk of a patient among the cohort and to gauge the impact of risk thresholds for making decisions regarding radical prostatectomy.

• The '2010 Partin Nomogram' using tPSA as a continuous biomarker together with the corresponding 'predictiveness curve' will help clinicians and patients to make improved treatment decisions.

  • Chun FK
  • Epstein JI
  • Feng Z
  • Haese A
  • Han M
  • Huang Y
  • Humphreys E
  • Isharwal S
  • Makarov DV
  • Partin AW
  • Veltri RW
PubMed ID
Appears In
BJU Int, 2011, 107 (10)