Sonic hedgehog promotes desmoplasia in pancreatic cancer.
We investigated the contribution of Sonic hedgehog (SHH) to pancreatic cancer progression.
We expressed SHH in a transformed primary ductal-derived epithelial cell line from the human pancreas, transformed hTert-HPNE (T-HPNE), and evaluated the effects on tumor growth. We also directly inhibited the activity of SHH in vivo by administering a blocking antibody to mice challenged orthotopically with the Capan-2 pancreatic cancer cell line, which is known to express SHH and form moderately differentiated tumors in nude mice.
Our data provide evidence that expression of SHH influences tumor growth by contributing to the formation of desmoplasia in pancreatic cancer. We further show that SHH affects the differentiation and motility of human pancreatic stellate cells and fibroblasts.
These data suggest that SHH contributes to the formation of desmoplasia in pancreatic cancer, an important component of the tumor microenvironment.
- Bailey JM
- Caffery T
- Eggers JP
- Hamada T
- Hollingsworth MA
- Ouellette MM
- Singh PK
- Swanson BJ