Immobilization strategies for single-chain antibody microarrays.


Sandwich ELISA microarrays have great potential for validating disease biomarkers. Each ELISA relies on robust-affinity reagents that retain activity when immobilized on a solid surface or when labeled for detection. Single-chain antibodies (scFv) are affinity reagents that have greater potential for high-throughput production than traditional IgG. Unfortunately, scFv are typically less active than IgG following immobilization on a solid surface and not always suitable for use in sandwich ELISAs. We therefore investigated different immobilization strategies and scFv constructs to determine a more robust strategy for using scFv as ELISA reagents. Two promising strategies emerged from these studies: (i) the precapture of epitope-tagged scFv using an antiepitope antibody and (ii) the direct printing of a thioredoxin (TRX)/scFv fusion protein on glass slides. Both strategies improved the stability of immobilized scFv and increased the sensitivity of the scFv ELISA microarray assays, although the antiepitope precapture method introduced a risk of reagent transfer. Using the direct printing method, we show that scFv against prostate-specific antigen (PSA) are highly specific when tested against 21 different IgG-based assays. In addition, the scFv microarray PSA assay gave comparable quantitative results (R(2) = 0.95) to a commercial 96-well ELISA when tested using human serum samples. In addition, we find that TRX-scFv fusions against epidermal growth factor and toxin X have good LOD. Overall, these results suggest that minor modifications of the scFv construct are sufficient to produce reagents that are suitable for use in multiplex assay systems.


One protocol is associated with this publication:

  • Apiyo DO
  • Baird CL
  • Engelmann HE
  • Gonzalez RM
  • Kagan J
  • Miller KD
  • Pefaur NB
  • Rodland KD
  • Seurynck-Servoss SL
  • Srivastava S
  • Zangar RC
PubMed ID
Appears In
Proteomics, 2008, 8 (11)