Biomedical applications of two-dimensional electrophoresis using immobilized pH gradients: current status.
There is currently much interest, as we enter the postgenome era, in studying gene expression at the protein level. Two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) using immobilized pH gradients (IPG), coupled with mass spectrometry (MS), is currently the most widely utilized approach for the analysis of whole tissue proteins. The methodology for IPG-based 2-DE, since the introduction of the technique in the 1980s, is reviewed. In its present form the IPG methodology is mostly useful as a research tool. In general, high reproducibility and high resolution have been achieved. However, the lack of substantial automation and the limited sensitivity of the current overall methodology continue to represent drawbacks for biomedical applications. Further developments to increase throughput and to reduce sample requirement would substantially benefit the application of IPG-based 2-DE to biomedicine and would enhance the prospects for introducing the methodology into the clinical laboratory.
- Hanash SM