CST3

Aliases:
This biomarker is also known as:
  • CST3

Description…

From NCBI Gene: The cystatin superfamily encompasses proteins that contain multiple cystatin-like sequences. Some of the members are active cysteine protease inhibitors, while others have lost or perhaps never acquired this inhibitory activity. There are three inhibitory families in the superfamily, including the type 1 cystatins (stefins), type 2 cystatins and the kininogens. The type 2 cystatin proteins are a class of cysteine proteinase inhibitors found in a variety of human fluids and secretions, where they appear to provide protective functions. The cystatin locus on chromosome 20 contains the majority of the type 2 cystatin genes and pseudogenes. This gene is located in the cystatin locus and encodes the most abundant extracellular inhibitor of cysteine proteases, which is found in high concentrations in biological fluids and is expressed in virtually all organs of the body. A mutation in this gene has been associated with amyloid angiopathy. Expression of this protein in vascular wall smooth muscle cells is severely reduced in both atherosclerotic and aneurysmal aortic lesions, establishing its role in vascular disease. In addition, this protein has been shown to have an antimicrobial function, inhibiting the replication of herpes simplex virus. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding a single protein. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]

Datasets

There are no datasets associated with this biomarker.

Attributes
QA State: Under Review
Type: Protein
HGNC Name: CST3

Organ-specific information for this biomarker is currently being annotated or is "under review". Logging in may give you privileges to view additional information. Contact the Informatics Center if you believe you should have access to this biomarker.

Organ-specific information for this biomarker is currently being annotated or is "under review". Logging in may give you privileges to view additional information. Contact the Informatics Center if you believe you should have access to this biomarker.

Organ-specific information for this biomarker is currently being annotated or is "under review". Logging in may give you privileges to view additional information. Contact the Informatics Center if you believe you should have access to this biomarker.

Organ-specific information for this biomarker is currently being annotated or is "under review". Logging in may give you privileges to view additional information. Contact the Informatics Center if you believe you should have access to this biomarker.

Version 5.1.0