Early Detection Research Network

Glycans, Glycosite, and Intact Glycopeptide Analysis of N-Linked Glycoproteins Using Liquid Handling Systems.

Aberrant glycosylation has been shown to associate with disease progression, and with glycoproteins representing the major protein component of biological fluids this makes them attractive targets for disease monitoring. Leveraging glycoproteomic analysis via mass spectrometry (MS) could provide the insight into the altered glycosylation patterns that relate to disease progression. However, investigation of large sample cohorts requires rapid, efficient, and highly reproducible sample preparation. To address the limitation, we developed a high-throughput method for characterizing glycans, glycosites, and intact glycopeptides (IGPs) derived from N-linked glycoproteins. We combined disparate peptide enrichment strategies (i.e., hydrophilic and hydrophobic) and a liquid handling platform allowing for a high throughput and rapid enrichment of IGP in a 96-well plate format. The C18/MAX-Tip workflow reduced sample processing time and facilitated the selective enrichment of IGPs from complex samples. Furthermore, our approach enabled the analysis of deglycosylated peptides and glycans from enriched IGPs following PNGase F digest. Following development and optimization of the C18/MAX-Tip methodology using the standard glycoprotein, fetuin, we investigated normal urine samples to obtain N-linked glycoprotein information. Together, our method enables a high-throughput enrichment of glycan, glycosites, and IGPs from biological samples.

Chen SY, Clark DJ, Dong M, Lih TM, Liu Z, Schnaubelt M, Yang G, Zhang H, Zhou Y

31859482

Anal. Chem., 2020, 92 (2)

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