Early Detection Research Network

Molecular subtyping reveals immune alterations associated with progression of bronchial premalignant lesions.

Bronchial premalignant lesions (PMLs) are precursors of lung squamous cell carcinoma, but have variable outcome, and we lack tools to identify and treat PMLs at risk for progression to cancer. Here we report the identification of four molecular subtypes of PMLs with distinct differences in epithelial and immune processes based on RNA-Seq profiling of endobronchial biopsies from high-risk smokers. The Proliferative subtype is enriched with bronchial dysplasia and exhibits up-regulation of metabolic and cell cycle pathways. A Proliferative subtype-associated gene signature identifies subjects with Proliferative PMLs from normal-appearing uninvolved large airway brushings with high specificity. In progressive/persistent Proliferative lesions expression of interferon signaling and antigen processing/presentation pathways decrease and immunofluorescence indicates a depletion of innate and adaptive immune cells compared with regressive lesions. Molecular biomarkers measured in PMLs or the uninvolved airway can enhance histopathological grading and suggest immunoprevention strategies for intercepting the progression of PMLs to lung cancer.

Beane JE, Campbell JD, Dhillon SS, Dubinett SM, Duclos G, Krysan K, Lenburg ME, Liu G, Liu H, Mazzilli SA, Moy C, Perdomo C, Platero SJ, Reid ME, Schaffer M, Spira AE, Stevenson C, Vick J, Zhang S

31015447

Nat Commun, 2019, 10 (1)

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