Early Detection Research Network

Correlation of urine TMPRSS2:ERG and PCA3 to ERG+ and total prostate cancer burden.

ERG rearrangements (most commonly transmembrane protease, serine 2 [TMPRSS2]:ERG [T2:ERG] gene fusions) have been identified in approximately 50% of prostate cancers . Quantification of T2:ERG in postdigital rectal examination urine, in combination with PCA3, improves the performance of serum prostate-specific antigen for prostate cancer prediction on biopsy. Here we compared urine T2:ERG and PCA3 scores with ERG+ (determined with immunohistochemical analysis) and total prostate cancer burden in 41 mapped prostatectomies. Prostatectomies had a median of 3 tumor foci (range, 1-15) and 2.6 cm of summed linear tumor dimension (range, 0.6-7.1 cm). Urine T2:ERG score correlated most with summed linear ERG+ tumor dimension and number of ERG+ foci (r(s) = 0.68 and 0.67, respectively, both P < .001). Urine PCA3 score showed weaker correlation with both number of tumor foci (r(s) = 0.34, P = .03) and summed linear tumor dimension (r(s) = 0.26, P = .10). In summary, we demonstrate a strong correlation between urine T2:ERG score and total ERG+ prostate cancer burden at prostatectomy, consistent with high tumor specificity.

Chinnaiyan AM, Kunju LP, Palanisamy N, Siddiqui J, Tomlins SA, Wei JT, Wood DP, Young A

23086769

Am. J. Clin. Pathol., 2012, 138 (5)

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