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The new face of ovarian cancer modeling: better prospects for detection and treatment.

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F1000 Med Rep. 2011 3 ().

Ovarian cancer has a disproportionately high mortality rate because patients typically present with late-stage metastatic disease. The vast majority of these deaths are from high-grade serous carcinoma. Recent studies indicate that many of these tumors arise from the fallopian tube and subsequently metastasize to the ovary. This may explain why such tumors have not been detected at early stage as detection efforts have been focused purely on the ovary. In keeping with this leap in understanding other advances such as the development of ex-vivo models and immortalization of human fallopian tube epithelial cells, and the use of integrated genomic analyses to identify hundreds of novel candidate oncogenes and tumor suppressors potentially involved in tumorigenesis now engender hope that we can begin to truly define the differences in pathogenesis between fallopian tube and ovarian-derived tumors. In doing so, we can hopefully improve early detection, treatment, and outcome.

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