Early Detection Research Network

Association of stem-like cells in gender-specific chemoprevention against intestinal neoplasia in MIN mouse.

This study was undertaken to examine the gender-sensitivity and chemopreventive responsiveness of celecoxib on intestinal stem-like cells as a biomarker of colon carcino-genesis, using the MIN mouse model. Male and female MIN mice (6-7-weeks old) were randomized to either control diet or to a diet supplemented with celecoxib (1,500 ppm). The animals were euthanized ten weeks later and the intestines were flushed and opened longitudinally to assess tumor count. Small intestinal segments were formalin-fixed and tissue sections were subjected to immunohistochemical evaluation of DCAMKL1, a known marker of stem-like cells. We found that in animals receiving control (AIN 76A diet) alone, female MIN mice had a higher polyp count than males (52.32 ± 13.89 vs. 35.43 ± 16.05; p<0.0005). However, compared to control diet groups, celecoxib supplementation caused a larger reduction in the number of polyps in females than their male cohorts (6.38 ± 1.43 vs. 12.83 ± 6.74; a reduction of 88% in females to 64% in males). Significant differences (p=0.013) were observed in the number of DCAMKL1-stained cells in the crypts of the wild-type (WT) (10.01 ± 1.07 stem cells per high powered field; HPF) compared to the MIN mice (24.15 ± 8.08 stem cells per HPF), illustrating increased stem-like cells in animals that are more prone to neoplasia. DCAMKL1 labeled stem-like cells were equal in number in the male and female groups receiving the control AIN 76A diet alone (females, 25.73 stem-like cells/HPF); males, 24.15 stem-like cells/HPF). However, females showed a greater reduction in the number of DCAMKL1-labeled stem-like cells with celecoxib supplementation than the respective males (16.63 ± 4.23 vs. 21.56 ± 9.06; a reduction of 35.4% in females to 10.7% in males). We conclude that a higher number of stem-like cells in the uninvolved mucosa paralleled tumorigenesis and mirrored greater chemopreventive responsiveness of female MIN mice compared to males.

Backman V, Brasky J, De la Cruz MA, Gandhi SR, Gibson T, Kunte DP, Roy HK, Stypula Y, Tiwari AK, Wali RK


Oncol. Rep., 2011, 26 (5)

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