Early Detection Research Network

A single-nucleotide polymorphism in tumor suppressor gene SEL1L as a predictive and prognostic marker for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in Caucasians.

SEL1L is a putative tumor suppressor gene that is frequently down-regulated in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA). A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs12435998 in intron3 of SEL1L has previously been reported to be associated with susceptibility to Alzheimer's disease. We hypothesized that this SNP may influence clinical outcomes of patients with PDA. We analyzed DNA samples from 497 Caucasian patients with pathologically confirmed primary PDA. Of these, 98 had been enrolled in a clinical trial of neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy and 77 of the 98 had subsequently undergone pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). We performed Kaplan-Meier analysis to evaluate the correlation between different SNP genotypes and age at diagnosis, survival time after diagnosis, and survival time after PD. In nonsmokers, we found a significant difference in median age at diagnosis between variant genotypes (AG/GG) carriers and wild-type genotype (AA) carriers (58 vs. 62 yr; log-rank test, P = 0.017). Patients with variant genotypes also showed an increased hazard ratio (HR) of 1.45 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.07-1.97] relative to wild-type genotype. Among the patients in the clinical trial, the variant genotypes carriers had a median post-PD survival time that was 34.7 months shorter than wild-type genotype carriers (log-rank test, P = 0.019; HR, 1.91; 95% CI, 1.09-3.34). Our results suggest that the rs12435998 SNP in SEL1L gene plays a role in modifying age at diagnosis of PDA in Caucasian nonsmokers. In addition, this SNP may serve as a prognostic marker in PDA patients who undergo the same or similar treatment as the clinical trials.

Amos C, Chen J, Frazier ML, Killary AM, Liu Q, Mai B, Sen S, Wei C

21656579

Mol. Carcinog., 2012, 51 (5)

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