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p53 autoantibodies as potential detection and prognostic biomarkers in serous ovarian cancer.

20200435

Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev.. 2010 Mar 19 (3).

This study examined the value of serum p53 autoantibodies (p53-AAb) as detection and prognostic biomarkers in ovarian cancer.

p53-AAb were detected by ELISA in sera obtained preoperatively from women undergoing surgery for a pelvic mass. This group included women subsequently diagnosed with invasive serous ovarian cancer (n = 60), nonserous ovarian cancers (n = 30), and women with benign disease (n = 30). Age-matched controls were selected from the general population (n = 120). Receiver operating characteristic curves were constructed to compare the values of p53-AAb, CA 125, and HE4 as a screening biomarker. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards modeling were used to assess its prognostic value on survival.

p53-AAb were detected in 25 of 60 (41.7%) of serous cases, 4 of 30 (13.3%) nonserous cases, 3 of 30 (10%) benign disease cases, and 10 of 120 (8.3%) controls (combined P = 0.0002). p53-AAb did not significantly improve the detection of cases [area under the curve (AUC), 0.69] or the discrimination of benign versus malignant disease (AUC, 0.64) compared with CA 125 (AUC, 0.99) or HE4 (AUC, 0.98). In multivariate analysis among cases, p53-AAb correlated only with a family history of breast cancer (P = 0.01). Detectable p53 antibodies in pretreatment sera were correlated with improved overall survival (P = 0.04; hazard ratio, 0.57; 95% confidence interval, 0.33-0.97) in serous ovarian cancer.

Antibodies to p53 are detected in the sera of 42% of patients with advanced serous ovarian cancer.

Although their utility as a preoperative diagnostic biomarker, beyond CA 125 and HE4, is limited, p53-AAb are prognostic for improved overall survival.

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