Early Detection Research Network

Higher expression levels of 14-3-3sigma in ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast predict poorer outcome.

The protein 14-3-3sigma is involved in the regulation of cellular processes such as apoptosis, cell cycle progression and proliferation. Disruption of protein expression has been implicated in a number of malignancies. Here we examine the expression pattern of 14-3-3sigma in breast cancer and specifically consider whether expression in ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) lesions is predictive of disease outcome. We examined 14-3-3sigma protein expression and localization using immunohistochemical staining on a high-density tissue microarray consisting of 157 invasive breast cancer patients. Statistical analyses were used to assess the correlation of 14-3-3sigma expression with clinico-pathological parameters and patient outcome. We observed a statistically significant increase in 14-3-3sigma protein expression in ductal hyperplasia, DCIS, and invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) as compared normal glandular epithelium. In IDC, lower expression of 14-3-3sigma tended to predicted poorer survival time while in DCIS lesions, there was a stronger correlation between relatively higher levels of 14-3-3sigma predicting shorter survival time. Further, of patients who had concurrent DCIS and IDC lesions, those that exhibited a decrease of 14-3-3sigma expression from DCIS to IDC had significantly shorter survival time. Our findings indicate that 14-3-3sigma expression may be a useful prognostic indicator for survival in patients with breast cancer with an elevated 14-3-3sigma in earlier disease predicting a less favorable disease outcome. To our knowledge this is the first published study associating 14-3-3sigma protein expression with breast cancer survival.

Bonavida B, Bose S, Chia D, Elshimali Y, Goodglick L, Horvath S, Li A, Mah V, Maresh E, Seligson DB, Sulur G, Yoon NK

19729831

Cancer Biomark, 2009, 5 (4)