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Up-regulation of 14-3-3zeta in lung cancer and its implication as prognostic and therapeutic target.

17699796

Cancer Res.. 2007 Aug 67 (16).

A functional genomic approach integrating microarray and proteomic analyses done in our laboratory has identified 14-3-3zeta as a putative oncogene whose activation was common and driven by its genomic amplification in lung adenocarcinomas. 14-3-3zeta is believed to function in cell signaling, cycle control, and apoptotic death. Following our initial finding, here, we analyzed its expression in lung tumor tissues obtained from 205 patients with various histologic and stage non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) using immunohistochemistry and then explored the effects of specific suppression of the gene in vitro and in a xenograft model using small interfering RNA. The increased 14-3-3zeta expression was positively correlated with a more advanced pathologic stage and grade of NSCLCs (P = 0.001 and P = 0.006, respectively) and was associated with overall and cancer-specific survival rates of the patients (P = 0.022 and P = 0.018, respectively). Down-regulation of 14-3-3zeta in lung cancer cells led to a dose-dependent increased sensitivity to cisplatin-induced cell death, which was associated with the inhibition of cell proliferation and increased G2-M arrest and apoptosis. The result was further confirmed in the animal model, which showed that the A549 lung cancer cells with reduced 14-3-3zeta grew significantly slower than the wild-type A549 cells after cisplatin treatment (P = 0.008). Our results suggest that 14-3-3zeta is a potential target for developing a prognostic biomarker and therapeutics that can enhance the antitumor activity of cisplatin for NSCLC.

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