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Proteomic analysis of eIF-5A in lung adenocarcinomas.

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Proteomics. 2003 Apr 3 (4).

We examined the eIF-5A protein expression in 93 lung adenocarcinomas and 10 uninvolved lung samples using quantitative two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE) analysis with identification by mass spectrometry and 2-D Western blots. The same tissue samples were examined for the eIF-5A mRNA expression using oligonucleotide microarrays, and the cellular localization of the eIF-5A protein was examined using immunohistochemical analysis on tissue arrays. Higher eIF-5A protein expression was present in tumors showing poor differentiation, 12/13(th) codon K-ras mutations, p53 nuclear accumulation, and tumors with positive lymphocytic response. The eIF-5A mRNA was also significantly increased in lung adenocarcinomas compared to normal lung, but the eIF-5A protein expression was not correlated to its mRNA levels indicating that the increase in the eIF-5A protein expression in lung tumors is post-transcriptionally/translationally/post-translationally regulated. Patients having a higher eIF-5A protein expression showed a relatively poorer survival suggesting the use of eIF-5A as prognostic marker in lung adenocarcinoma. Moreover, the investigation on agents that inhibit eIF-5A function is encouraged.

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