[<sup>18</sup>F]Fluciclovine Positron Emission Tomography/Computerized Tomography for Preoperative Staging in Patients with Intermediate to High Risk Primary Prostate Cancer.
Accurate preoperative staging of prostate cancer is essential for treatment planning. Conventional imaging is limited in detection of metastases. Our primary aim was to determine if [<sup>18</sup>F]fluciclovine positron emission tomography/computerized tomography is an early indicator of subclinical metastasis among patients with high risk prostate cancer.
A total of 68 patients with unfavorable intermediate to very high risk prostate cancer without systemic disease on conventional imaging were recruited before robotic radical prostatectomy with extended pelvic lymph node dissection. Diagnostic performance of [<sup>18</sup>F]fluciclovine positron emission tomography/computerized tomography and conventional imaging for detection of metastatic disease, and correlation of positivity to node and metastatic deposit size were determined.
Overall 57 of 68 patients completed the protocol, of whom 31 had nodal metastasis on histology. [<sup>18</sup>F]Fluciclovine positron emission tomography/computerized tomography sensitivity and specificity in detecting nodal metastasis was 55.3% and 84.8% per patient, and 54.8% and 96.4% per region (right and left pelvis, presacral and nonregional), respectively. Compared with conventional imaging [<sup>18</sup>F]Fluciclovine positron emission tomography/computerized tomography had significantly higher sensitivity on patient based (55.3% vs 33.3%, p <0.01) and region based (54.8% vs 19.4%, p <0.01) analysis, detecting metastasis in 7 more patients and 22 more regions, with similar high specificity. Four additional patients had distant disease or other cancer detected on [<sup>18</sup>F] fluciclovine positron emission tomography/computerized tomography which precluded surgery. Detection of metastasis was related to size of metastatic deposits within lymph nodes and overall metastatic burden.
[<sup>18</sup>F]Fluciclovine positron emission tomography/computerized tomography detects occult metastases not identified on conventional imaging and may help guide treatment decisions and lymph node dissection due to high specificity for metastatic disease.
- Abiodun-Ojo OA
- Akintayo AA
- Alemozaffar M
- Goodman MM
- Huang Y
- Osunkoya AO
- Patil D
- Saeed F
- Sanda M
- Schuster DM