N-methylpurine DNA glycosylase and OGG1 DNA repair activities: opposite associations with lung cancer risk.


Only a minority of smokers develop lung cancer, possibly due to genetic predisposition, including DNA repair deficiencies. To examine whether inter-individual variations in DNA repair activity of N-methylpurine DNA glycosylase (MPG) are associated with lung cancer, we conducted a blinded, population-based, case-control study with 100 lung cancer case patients and 100 matched control subjects and analyzed the data with conditional logistic regression. All statistical tests were two-sided. MPG enzyme activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from case patients was higher than in control subjects, results opposite that of 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1) DNA repair enzyme activity. For lung cancer associated with one standard deviation increase in MPG activity, the adjusted odds ratio was 1.8 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.2 to 2.6; P = .006). A combined MPG and OGG1 activities score was more strongly associated with lung cancer risk than either activity alone, with an odds ratio of 2.3 (95% CI = 1.4 to 3.6; P < .001). These results form a basis for a future panel of risk biomarkers for lung cancer risk assessment and prevention.


The following biomarkers make reference to this publication:

  • Elinger D
  • Freedman L
  • Kramer R
  • Leitner-Dagan Y
  • Livneh Z
  • Paz-Elizur T
  • Pinchev M
  • Rennert G
  • Rennert HS
  • Roisman LC
  • Schechtman E
  • Sevilya Z
PubMed ID
Appears In
J Natl Cancer Inst, 2012, 104 (22)