Identification of glycoproteins associated with different histological subtypes of ovarian tumors using quantitative glycoproteomics.

Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy in adult women. The origin of epithelial ovarian tumors is both morphologically and biologically heterogeneous, and different subtypes of ovarian tumors have different clinical outcomes. In spite of the heterogeneous nature of ovarian carcinoma, the current biomarkers and treatments for this disease are not subtype-specific. To discover the molecular basis of the ovarian tumor subtypes, we analyzed extracellular glycoproteins of seven common subtypes and normal ovary tissues using quantitative glycoproteomic analysis. Glycoproteins for different ovarian tumor subtypes were identified by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and quantitated by spectral counting and then verified by iTRAQ labeling and Western blotting. Glycoproteins uniquely expressed in different subtypes of ovarian tumors or commonly expressed in most subtypes were identified. Using Western blots, we verified that mesothelin was overexpressed in serous carcinoma and transitional-cell carcinoma, CEA5 and CEA6 were overexpressed only in mucinous carcinoma, while versican and periostin were overexpressed in most subtypes of ovarian tumors. This study presents the first proteomic characterization of different ovarian tumor subtypes. The identified glycoproteins for histological subtypes of ovarian tumors will facilitate the understanding of the molecular basis, diagnosis of ovarian tumor subtypes, and predictions for treatment responses to therapeutic agents.

Roden RB, Tian Y, Yao Z, Zhang H


Proteomics, 2011, 11 (24)

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