Characterization of PacMetUT1, a recently isolated human prostate cancer cell line.
Existing prostate cancer cell lines have limitations.
Cells were characterized using Western blotting, immunohistochemistry, invasion into Matrigel, and by studying xenograft tumors.
We describe a cell line (PacMetUT1) isolated from a lymph node of a 57-year-old male with prostate cancer. Compared to existing prostate cancer cell lines, the growth rate of PacMetUT1 xenograft tumors is slower with tumors occurring at injection sites and with metastases to lung and liver. Androgen receptor (AR) was detected in vivo by Western blotting and the cells responded to methyltrienolone (R1881). PacMetUT1 cells are more invasive in Matrigel than DU-145, PC-3, and LNCaP cells, and showed greater anchorage-independent growth in soft agar. The cells do not express prostate specific antigen (PSA) in vitro or in xenografts. However, the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene was introduced and stably expressed in PacMetUT1 cells, allowing tumor imaging in vivo. Xenograft tumors show epithelial features and are positive for keratin, epithelial membrane antigen, EGF receptor, and E cadherin. In contrast, fibroblast markers vimentin, desmin, and Factor VIII, were negative. Karyotyping showed losses of 6p, 7q, 8p, 18q, and 22q, and gains of 8q and 9q; additional genetic material was observed at 2q and 12p.
The PacMetUT1 cell line allows metastases to be assessed using a single animal model. Because of its slower growth, PacMetUT1 more closely mimics the human disease. Studies of tumor progression or metastasis can be conducted over a longer period of time.
- Abboud-Werner S
- Adhvaryu SG
- Bedolla R
- Friedrichs WE
- Sun LZ
- Tang Y
- Thompson IM
- Troyer DA
- deGraffenried LA