RANTES expression is a predictor of survival in stage I lung adenocarcinoma.

The presence of an active lymphocytic response (ALR) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumors has previously been associated with a more favorable prognosis. The purpose of this study was to identify differences in global gene expression profiles between stage I NSCLC tumors with ALR (ALR+) and those without ALR (ALR-).

Sixty-three stage I lung adenocarcinomas were analyzed for gene expression using Affymetrix oligonucleotide microarrays. Tumors were stratified into ALR+ and ALR- groups and compared for statistically significant differences in gene expression. Identified candidate genes were validated using both ELISA and immunohistochemistry. Follow-up data for these patients were collected and used to assess patient prognosis.

Of the 63 tumors studied, 27 were ALR+ and 36 were ALR-. A total of 303 genes showed significant differences in gene expression between the two populations (t test, P < 0.02). Three of the genes overexpressed by ALR+ tumors were the chemokines: small inducible cytokine A4 (MIP-1beta), RANTES, and interferon inducible protein 10 (IP-10). Immunohistochemistry analysis showed that the tumor cells expressed these cytokines. ELISA showed that MIP-1beta and RANTES were overexpressed at the protein level by ALR+ tumors. Univariate Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that RANTES was a predictor of survival in stage I lung adenocarcinomas (P = 0.002).

When tested in the Cox univariate proportional hazards model, RANTES expression by lung adenocarcinoma cells is a predictor of survival in stage I NSCLC patients and may be useful as a prognostic factor in lung cancer.

Arenberg DA, Beer DG, Chen G, Giordano TJ, Hanash S, Huang CC, Iannettoni MD, Misek DE, Moran CJ, Orringer MB, Thomas DG


Clin. Cancer Res., 2002, 8 (12)

Version 5.1.0