An intronic poly (AT) polymorphism of the DNA repair gene XPC and risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: a case-control study.

Inherited polymorphisms of DNA repair genes may contribute to variations in DNA repair capacity and genetic susceptibility to cancer. In a hospital-based case-control study of 287 non-Hispanic white patients with newly diagnosed SCCHN and 311 control subjects matched on age, sex, ethnicity, and smoking status, we investigated the role of a newly identified variant allele of XPC, XPC-PAT+. We found that the frequency of the XPC-PAT+ allele was higher in the cases (0.409) than in the controls (0.333; P = 0.007). Fifty cases (17.4%) and 37 controls (11.9%) were XPC-PAT+/+, and 135 (47.0%) cases and 133 controls (42.8%) were XPC-PAT+/-. XPC-PAT+/- and XPC-PAT+/+ subjects were at significantly increased risk for SCCHN [adjusted odds ratios = 1.44 and 1.85, respectively (95% confidence intervals, 1.01-2.05 and 1.12-3.05, respectively; trend test, P = 0.007)]. We did not find ethnic difference in the frequency of XPC-PAT+ allele among four groups aged between 19 and 75 years: non-Hispanic whites, 294; African-Americans, 178; Hispanic-Americans, 103; and native Chinese, 119 (0.333, 0.281, 0.296, and 0.353, respectively). The case-control findings support the hypothesis that the XPC-PAT+ allele may contribute to the risk of developing SCCHN.

Eicher SA, Khan SG, Kraemer KH, Qiao Y, Shahlavi T, Shen H, Spitz MR, Strom SS, Sturgis EM, Wang X, Wei Q, Xu Y


Cancer Res., 2001, 61 (8)

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