Boeri miRNA signature of diagnosis of lung cancer
miRNA expression analyses in plasma samples collected 1-2 years before the onset of disease, at the time of CT detection and in disease-free smokers enrolled in the screening trial, resulted in the generation of miRNA signatures with strong predictive, diagnostic, and prognostic potential (area under the ROC curve > or = 0.85). The signature of diagnosis of lung cancer is comprised of 16 ratios composed from 13 miRNAs: 21, 92a, 140-3p, 17, 106a, 140-5p, 660, 19b, 451, 30c, 15b, 28-3p, 486-5p. (from PMID:21300873)
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Overall, these findings strengthen the observation that circulating miRNA in plasma is detectable well before clinical disease detection by spiral CT, indicating the possibility to select high-risk groups on the basis of miRNA profiling.
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