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MIF

Basics

Aliases:
This biomarker is also known as:
  • L-dopachrome tautomerase,
  • GIF,
  • macrophage migration inhibitory factor (glycosylation-inhibiting factor),
  • GLIF,
  • Glycosylation-inhibiting factor,
  • macrophage migration inhibitory factor,
  • MMIF,
  • L-dopachrome isomerase,
  • phenylpyruvate tautomerase,

View in BioMuta

Description…

MIF, a lymphokine involved in cell-mediated immunity, immunoregulation, and inflammation, plays a role in the regulation of macrophage function in host defense through the suppression of anti-inflammatory effects of glucocorticoids. This lymphokine and the JAB1 protein form a complex in the cytosol near the peripheral plasma membrane, which may indicate an additional role in integrin signaling pathways. MIF is also closely related to tumorigenesis.

Attributes

QA State: Curated
Type: Protein
Short Name:
HGNC Name: MIF

Datasets

There are no datasets associated with this biomarker.

Organs

The following organs have data associated with this biomarker…

Lung

Attributes

Phase: One
QA State: Under Review

Overview

Reports have demonstrated that MIF expression is increased in premalignant, malignant, and metastatic tumors and a potential therapeutic target in NSCLC.

Performance Comment

MIF belongs to a 9-member panel that provides a quantitative measure of the probability of having lung cancer that goes beyond the histological evaluation of preinvasive lesions. The identified members of the panel are TMSB4X (Thymosin beta-4), Ubiquitin, des-ubiquitin, ACBP, CSTA, Cytochrome C, and MIF.

Ovary

Attributes

Phase: Three
QA State: Curated

Overview

MIF RNAi significantly inhibited MIF expression in HO-8910 and OVCAR-3 cells and decreased cell proliferation of the two cells (P<0.05). Positive expression of MIF protein was detected in 53.5% of ovarian carcinoma tissues and was positively correlated to clinical stages of patients (P<0.01).

Performance Comment

Of the 28 ovarian cancer biomarkers tested in prediagnostic specimens, from the PLCO, CA125 remains the single best biomarker for ovarian cancer and has its strongest signal within six months of diagnosis. MIF alone was not a strong predictor.

Studies

This biomarker is currently being annotated or is under review. You must be logged in or do not have permission to view any additional information. Contact Heather Kincaid at heather.kincaid@jpl.nasa.gov if you should have access to this biomarker.

New Funding Opportunity: Biomarker Development Laboratories for the Early Detection Network: Applications Due May 23

Update: Pre-application webinar information now available.

The National Cancer Institute's Division of Cancer Prevention has released a new funding opportunity to solicit organ-specific applications for Biomarker Developmental Laboratories (BDLs), one of the four scientific units of the recently funded Early Detection Research Network (EDRN). The EDRN is a national infrastructure funded to discover, develop, and validate biomarkers for risk assessment, detection, and molecular diagnosis and prognosis of early cancer. BDLs are responsible for the discovery, development, characterization, and testing of new, or the refinement of existing, biomarkers and biomarker assays for risk assessment, detection, and molecular diagnosis and prognosis of cancers.

The existing BDLs are primarily focused on ovary and gastrointestinal cancers. The proposed BDLs (to be supported under this funding opportunity) should be focused on one or more of the following cancers: breast, prostate and other genitourinary organs, or lung. In addition, cancers with rapidly rising incidence rates, e.g., endometrial, hepatocellular, kidney, thyroid, oropharyngeal cancers, and/or cancers with unique etiology, e.g., mesothelioma, will be considered.

The newly funded units of the Early Detection Research Network will be announced later in April. Successful applicants have already been notified. Those researchers who were not successful during the last round of applications are encouraged to apply to this opportunity.