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CCL11

Basics

Aliases:
This biomarker is also known as:
  • small inducible cytokine A11,
  • MGC22554,
  • chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 11,
  • C-C motif chemokine 11,
  • eosinophil chemotactic protein,
  • eotaxin,
  • SCYA11,
  • eotaxin-1,
  • small inducible cytokine subfamily A (Cys-Cys), member 11 (eotaxin),

Description…

From NCBI Gene: This antimicrobial gene is one of several chemokine genes clustered on the q-arm of chromosome 17. Chemokines form a superfamily of secreted proteins involved in immunoregulatory and inflammatory processes. The superfamily is divided into four subfamilies based on the arrangement of the N-terminal cysteine residues of the mature peptide. This chemokine, a member of the CC subfamily, displays chemotactic activity for eosinophils, but not mononuclear cells or neutrophils. This eosinophil-specific chemokine is thought to be involved in eosinophilic inflammatory diseases such as atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, asthma and parasitic infections. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2014]

Attributes

QA State: Curated
Type: Protein
Short Name:
HGNC Name: CCL11

Datasets

There are no datasets associated with this biomarker.

Organs

The following organs have data associated with this biomarker…

Breast

Attributes

Phase: One
QA State: Curated

Overview

No additional data available.

Performance Comment

Ninety biomarkers were measured using a series of multiplexed immunoassays and results analyzed by the EDRN data management center splitting the cases and controls into training and validation sets, excluding subjects with DCIS or atypical hyperplasia from the training phase. We found little evidence that any of these markers can discriminate women with invasive cancer from those with benign breast conditions.

Ovary

Attributes

Phase: Three
QA State: Curated

Overview

CCL11 signaling plays an important role in proliferation and invasion of ovarian carcinoma cells. Circulating levels of CCL11 in sera of patients with ovarian cancer were significantly lower than those in healthy women or women with breast, lung, liver, pancreatic, or colon cancer. Cultured ovarian carcinoma cells absorbed soluble CCL11, indicating that absorption by tumor cells could be responsible for the observed reduction of serum level of CCL11 in ovarian cancer. Postoperative CCL11 levels in women with ovarian cancer negatively correlated with relapse-free survival. Ovarian tumors overexpressed three known cognate receptors of CCL11, CC chemokine receptors (CCR) 2, 3, and 5. Strong positive correlation was observed between expression of individual receptors and tumor grade. CCL11 potently stimulated proliferation and migration/invasion of ovarian carcinoma cell lines. The growth-stimulatory effects of CCL11 were likely associated with activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, MEK1, and STAT3 phosphoproteins and with increased production of multiple cytokines, growth factors, and angiogenic factors. Inhibition of CCL11 signaling by the combination of neutralizing antibodies against the ligand and its receptors significantly increased sensitivity to cisplatin in ovarian carcinoma cells.

Performance Comment

Of the 28 ovarian cancer biomarkers tested in prediagnostic specimens, from the PLCO, CA125 remains the the single best biomarker for ovarian cancer and has its strongest signal within six months of diagnosis. CCL11 alone was not a strong predictor.

Studies

This biomarker is currently being annotated or is under review. You must be logged in or do not have permission to view any additional information. Contact Heather Kincaid at heather.kincaid@jpl.nasa.gov if you should have access to this biomarker.

Publications

No associated publications found.

Biomuta

Mutation Statistics

Gene Name: CCL11
UniProt Accession #: P51671
Mutated Sites Count: 23
Associated Pubmed ID Count 4
CancerDO Count 15
Affected Protein Function Sites Count: 4

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