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This biomarker is also known as:
  • RALDH(II),
  • Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 1 member A2,
  • EC,
  • aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family, member A2,
  • RALDH 2,
  • RalDH2,
  • Retinaldehyde-specific dehydrogenase type 2,
  • retinal dehydrogenase 2,
  • RALDH2-T,
  • retinaldehyde-specific dehydrogenase type 2,
  • RALDH2,


From NCBI Gene: This protein belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase family of proteins. The product of this gene is an enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of retinoic acid (RA) from retinaldehyde. Retinoic acid, the active derivative of vitamin A (retinol), is a hormonal signaling molecule that functions in developing and adult tissues. The studies of a similar mouse gene suggest that this enzyme and the cytochrome CYP26A1, concurrently establish local embryonic retinoic acid levels which facilitate posterior organ development and prevent spina bifida. Four transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2011]


QA State: Curated
Type: Gene
Short Name:


There are no datasets associated with this biomarker.


The following organs have data associated with this biomarker…



Phase: One
QA State: Curated


ALDH1A2 is a candidate tumor suppressor in prostate cancer.

Performance Comment

Significance Analysis of Microarray (SAM) was used to develop a 7-gene classifier. The overall prediction accuracy and sensitivity is 71% and 76%, respectively. The inclusion of the Gleason sum to the seven-gene classifier raised the prediction accuracy and sensitivity to 83% and 76% respectively This prognostic signature is closely associated with biochemical recurrence in patients after radical prostatectomy. The seven genes are: RRAGD, PQBP1, HIST1H2BC, ALDH1A2, TRIM22, RBPMS, HSPB8.


This biomarker is currently being annotated or is under review. You must be logged in or do not have permission to view any additional information. Contact Heather Kincaid at if you should have access to this biomarker.


Mutation Statistics

Gene Name: ALDH1A2
UniProt Accession #: O94788
Mutated Sites Count: 275
Associated Pubmed ID Count 18
CancerDO Count 24
Affected Protein Function Sites Count: 5

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