Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

National Cancer Institute U.S. National Institutes of Health www.cancer.gov

Navigation

Personal tools

You are here: Home / Protocols / Identification of nectin-4 oncoprotein as a diagnostic and therapeutic target for lung cancer.
Not an EDRN Protocol

Identification of nectin-4 oncoprotein as a diagnostic and therapeutic target for lung cancer.

1028

No involved investigator sites defined.

Gene expression profile analysis of lung cancers revealed the transactivation of an immunoglobulin-like molecule Nectin-4 in the majority of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). Immunohistochemical staining of 422 NSCLCs showed that a high level of Nectin-4 expression was associated with poor prognosis for NSCLC patients (P < 0.0001), and multivariate analysis confirmed its independent prognostic value (P < 0.0001). We established an ELISA to measure serum Nectin-4 and found that serum Nectin-4 levels were significantly higher in NSCLC patients than in healthy volunteers. The proportion of the serum Nectin-4-positive cases was 88 of 164 (53.7%) NSCLCs, whereas only 3 of 131 (2.3%) healthy volunteers were falsely diagnosed as positive, which was superior to carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and cytokeratin 19-fragment (CYFRA21-1) in sensitivity and specificity. A combined ELISA for both Nectin-4 and CEA increased sensitivity and classified 65.0% of lung adenocarcinomas as positive with false-positive rate of 4.6%. The use of both Nectin-4 and CYFRA21-1 classified 68.3% of lung squamous cell carcinomas as positive with false-positive rate of 6.1%. Treatment of lung cancer cells with small interfering RNAs against Nectin-4 suppressed its expression and cell growth. In addition, exogenous expression of Nectin-4 increased the lamellipodia formation and the invasive ability of mammalian cells through activation of small GTPase Rac1. Nectin-4 might play a significant role in lung carcinogenesis, and it should be a new candidate serum and tissue biomarker, as well as a therapeutic target.

There are currently no biomarkers annotated for this protocol.

No datasets are currently associated with this protocol.


News

The final report of the 2013 Cancer Biomarkers Bioinformatics Workshop is now available.

Announcement 06/26/2014


Please click here to register for the 9th EDRN Scientific Workshop from September 8-10, 2014, in Bethesda, Maryland. The meeting registration page also has agendas and hotel reservation information.
Announcement 06/05/2014


Funding Opportunity Available

Both RFAs for Molecular and Cellular Characterization of Screen-Detected Lesions have been published.

RFA-CA-14-010.html

and

RFA-CA-14-011.html