Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

National Cancer Institute U.S. National Institutes of Health


Personal tools

You are here: Home / Protocols / Development of a multiplexed tumor-associated autoantibody-based blood test for the detection of non-small cell lung cancer.
Not an EDRN Protocol

Development of a multiplexed tumor-associated autoantibody-based blood test for the detection of non-small cell lung cancer.

Farlow, Erin C.Rush University Medical Center

No involved investigator sites defined.

PURPOSE: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has an overall 5-year survival of <15%; however, the 5-year survival for stage I disease is over 50%. Unfortunately, 75% of NSCLC is diagnosed at an advanced stage not amenable to surgery. A convenient serum assay capable of unambiguously identifying patients with NSCLC may provide an ideal diagnostic measure to complement computed tomography-based screening protocols. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Standard immunoproteomic method was used to assess differences in circulating autoantibodies among lung adenocarcinoma patients relative to cancer-free controls. Candidate autoantibodies identified by these discovery phase studies were translated into Luminex-based "direct-capture" immunobead assays along with 10 autoantigens with previously reported diagnostic value. These assays were then used to evaluate a second patient cohort composed of four discrete populations, including: 117 NSCLC (81 T(1-2)N(0)M(0) and 36 T(1-2)N(1-2)M(0)), 30 chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD)/asthma, 13 nonmalignant lung nodule, and 31 "normal" controls. Multivariate statistical methods were then used to identify the optimal combination of biomarkers for classifying patient disease status and develop a convenient algorithm for this purpose. RESULTS: Our immunoproteomic-based biomarker discovery efforts yielded 16 autoantibodies differentially expressed in NSCLC versus control serum. Thirteen of the 25 analytes tested showed statistical significance (Mann-Whitney P < 0.05 and a receiver operator characteristic "area under the curve" over 0.65) when evaluated against a second patient cohort. Multivariate statistical analyses identified a six-biomarker panel with only a 7% misclassification rate. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a six-autoantibody algorithm for detecting cases of NSCLC among several high-risk populations. Population-based validation studies are now required to assign the true value of this tool for identifying early-stage NSCLC.

There are currently no biomarkers annotated for this protocol.

No datasets are currently associated with this protocol.

2015 Steering Committee Meeting

The next EDRN Steering Committee Meeting will take place March 31st through April 2nd, 2015, in Atlanta, Georgia.

Announcement 12/02/2014

New Round of EDRN FOAs

The RFAs for EDRN have been released:
- Biomarker Developmental Laboratories (U01),
- Clinical Validation Centers (U01),
- Biomarker Reference Laboratories (U24),
- Data Management and Coordinating Center (U24).

EDRN Renewal flyer NOTE-New receipt deadline for applications submitted for all EDRN FOAs is January 20, 2015, by 5:00 PM local time of applicant organization.

There will be a Pre-Application webinar to discuss each of the four individual EDRN FOAs on Tuesday, December 2nd, 2014, from 1pm-5pm (Eastern). Potential applicants interested in participating in the webinar should send a message to Dr. Sharmistha Ghosh ( no later than 5:00 p.m. (EST) November 21, 2014. Please mention the FOA of interest in the subject line.

Announcement 10/07/2014

EDRN Patient Advocates will host an EDRN Advocacy Educational Webinar, Biomarkers for Prostate Cancer Detection and Monitoring, on Monday, January 12th, 2015, at 1 p.m. EDT / 10 a.m. PDT. Registration is not required for this. Please click for more information.