Shen 4-marker miRNA panel for lung cancer
We initially validated expressions of a set of miRNAs in paired lung tumor tissues and plasma specimens from 28 stage I NSCLC patients by real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR, and then evaluated diagnostic value of the plasma miRNAs in a cohort of 58 NSCLC patients and 29 healthy individuals. The altered miRNA expressions were reproducibly confirmed in the tumor tissues. The miRNAs were stably present and reliably measurable in plasma. A logistic regression model with the best prediction was defined on the basis of the four genes (miRNA-21, -126, -210, and 486-5p), yielding 86.22% sensitivity and 96.55% specificity in distinguishing NSCLC patients from the healthy controls.
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We previously identified 12 microRNAs (miRNAs) the aberrant expressions of which in primary lung tumors are associated with early-stage NSCLC. Of the 12 miRNAs, five displayed significant concordance of the expression levels in plasma and the corresponding tumor tissues. A logistic regression model with the best prediction was defined on the basis of the four of these genes (miRNA-21, -126, -210, and 486-5p).
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