Aliases:This biomarker is also known as:
- small inducible cytokine subfamily A (Cys-Cys), member 11 (eotaxin),
- chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 11,
- eosinophil chemotactic protein,
- C-C motif chemokine 11,
- small inducible cytokine A11,
Cytokines are a family of secreted proteins involved in immunoregulatory and inflammatory processes. The CC cytokines are proteins characterized by two adjacent cysteines. CCL11, also known as eotaxin, displays chemotactic activity for eosinophils, but not mononuclear cells or neutrophils. This eosinophil specific chemokine assumed to be involved in eosinophilic inflammatory diseases such as atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, asthma and parasitic infections.
There are no datasets associated with this biomarker.
The following organs have data associated with this biomarker…
CCL11 signaling plays an important role in proliferation and invasion of ovarian carcinoma cells. Circulating levels of CCL11 in sera of patients with ovarian cancer were significantly lower than those in healthy women or women with breast, lung, liver, pancreatic, or colon cancer. Cultured ovarian carcinoma cells absorbed soluble CCL11, indicating that absorption by tumor cells could be responsible for the observed reduction of serum level of CCL11 in ovarian cancer. Postoperative CCL11 levels in women with ovarian cancer negatively correlated with relapse-free survival. Ovarian tumors overexpressed three known cognate receptors of CCL11, CC chemokine receptors (CCR) 2, 3, and 5. Strong positive correlation was observed between expression of individual receptors and tumor grade. CCL11 potently stimulated proliferation and migration/invasion of ovarian carcinoma cell lines. The growth-stimulatory effects of CCL11 were likely associated with activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, MEK1, and STAT3 phosphoproteins and with increased production of multiple cytokines, growth factors, and angiogenic factors. Inhibition of CCL11 signaling by the combination of neutralizing antibodies against the ligand and its receptors significantly increased sensitivity to cisplatin in ovarian carcinoma cells.
Of the 28 ovarian cancer biomarkers tested in prediagnostic specimens, from the PLCO, CA125 remains the the single best biomarker for ovarian cancer and has its strongest signal within six months of diagnosis. CCL11 alone was not a strong predictor.