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B7-H4

Basics

Aliases:
This biomarker is also known as:
  • B7 family member, H4,
  • Protein B7S1,
  • FLJ22418,
  • DD-0110,
  • VTCN1,
  • VCTN1,
  • B7H4,
  • V-set domain containing T cell activation inhibitor 1,
  • B7S1,
  • B7 superfamily member 1,
  • Immune costimulatory protein B7-H4,
  • PRO1291,
  • B7X,
  • T-cell costimulatory molecule B7x,
  • B7h.5,
  • OV110,

View in BioMuta

Description…

Highly glycosylated sialomucin; expressed on immune cells. Negatively regulates T-cell-mediated immune response by inhibiting T-cell activation, proliferation, cytokine production and development of cytotoxicity. When expressed on the cell surface of tumor macrophages, plays an important role, together with regulatory T-cells (Treg), in the suppression of tumor-associated antigen-specific T-cell immunity. Involved in promoting epithelial cell transformation. Overexpressed in breast, ovarian, endometrial, renal cell (RCC) and non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLC). Belongs to the B7 family of costimulatory proteins.

Attributes

QA State: Accepted
Type: Protein
Short Name:
HGNC Name: VTCN1

Organs

The following organs have data associated with this biomarker…

Ovary

Attributes

Phase: Three
QA State: Accepted

Overview

Genomic analysis revealed upregulation in breast and ovarian epithelial tumors; protein overexpression studies confirmed finding.

Performance Comment

Of the 28 ovarian cancer biomarkers tested in prediagnostic specimens, from the PLCO, CA125 remains the the single best biomarker for ovarian cancer and has its strongest signal within six months of diagnosis. B7-H4 alone was not a strong predictor.

Supporting Study Data

The following studies/protocols provide evidence supporting B7-H4 indications for the Ovary…

PLCO Ovarian Phase III Validation Study

Our preliminary data indicate that the performance of CA 125 as a screening test for ovarian cancer can be improved upon by additional biomarkers. With completion of one additional validation step, we will be ready to test the performance of a consensus marker panel in a phase III validation study. Given the original aims of the PLCO trial, we believe that the PLCO represents an ideal longitudinal cohort offering specimens for phase III validation of ovarian cancer biomarkers.

View more about this study
Biomarker Characteristics Summary
Notes Sensitivity Specificity Prevalence NPV PPV Specific Assay Type
Cases chosen with diagnosis of ovarian cancer (on average) 9 months prior. Controls were matched to cases by age and timing of specimen collection including general population controls (50%), false positive CA125 (25%), and family history of breast cancer (25%). All cases (n=60). 25.0 95.0 N/A N/A N/A
Cases diagnosed <= 6 months after draw (n=25). 48.0 95.0 N/A N/A N/A
Cases diagnosed > 6 months after draw (n=35). 6.0 95.0 N/A N/A N/A
Decision Rule

PMID:21372037

Additional Study-Specific Protocols
Study-Specific Publications

No study-specific publications defined.

Study-Specific Resources

No study-specific resources defined.

SPORE/EDRN/PRE-PLCO Ovarian Phase II Validation Study

Create a new set of phase II specimens (160 cases with pre-operative bloods representing major histologic types and including 80 early-staged and 80 late-staged cases, 160 controls with benign disease, 480 general population controls, and a small set of serial Samples collected either at least 3 months apart, but not more than 6 months apart OR between 10 months apart and no more than 14 months apart in 40 healthy controls) will be used to evaluate markers identified in preliminary work. The top 5-10 markers, plus an expanded panel of Luminex markers, will comprise a “working consensus panel” for subsequent analysis in PLCO specimens.

View more about this study
Biomarker Characteristics Summary
Notes Sensitivity Specificity Prevalence NPV PPV Specific Assay Type
Cases chosen with diagnosis of ovarian cancer (on average) 9 months prior. Controls were matched to cases by age and timing of specimen collection including general population controls (50%), false positive CA125 (25%), and family history of breast cancer (25%). All cases (n=60). 25.0 95.0 N/A N/A N/A
Cases diagnosed <= 6 months after draw (n=25). 48.0 95.0 N/A N/A N/A
Cases diagnosed > 6 months after draw (n=35). 6.0 95.0 N/A N/A N/A
Decision Rule

PMID:21372037

Additional Study-Specific Protocols
Study-Specific Publications

No study-specific publications defined.

Study-Specific Resources

No study-specific resources defined.

Organ-Specific Protocols

No organ-specific protocols defined.

Organ-Specific Publications

Organ-Specific Resources

No organ-specific resources defined.

2015 EDRN PI Orientation

The New and Continuing EDRN Principal Investigator Orientation will take place January 20–21, 2016 in Bethesda, Maryland.

Announcement 08/26/2015

Thank you to everyone who made the 29th EDRN Steering Committee Meeting a success. The orientation for new and continuing EDRN PIs will be held Wednesday-Thursday, January 20-21, 2016, on the NCI campus. More information will be available later this summer.

Announcement 06/30/2015

A funding opportunity for a new pancreatic cancer initiative, called The Pancreatic Cancer Detection Consortium (U01), has been released. For more information, please go to http://grants.nih.gov /grants/guide/ pa-files/ PAR-15-289.html.