Aliases:This biomarker is also known as:
- Mitochondrial benzodiazepine receptor,
- peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor,
- benzodiazepine peripheral binding site,
- mitochondrial benzodiazepine receptor,
- translocator protein (18kDa),
- benzodiazapine receptor (peripheral),
- Peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor,
- translocator protein,
TSPO is a conserved protein found at the outer mitochondrial membrane. TSPO interacts with some benzodiazepines and isoquinoline carboxamides and has different affinities than its endogenous counterpart. TSPO is also involved in the transport of porphyrins and heme.
There are no datasets associated with this biomarker.
The following organs have data associated with this biomarker…
|QA State:||Under Review|
The TSPO gene is known to be over-expressed in highly aggressive tumors, especially those of the breast. Increasing levels of the TSPO protein are correlated with more advanced stages of breast cancer. Higher TSPO levels are found in estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast tumors, compared with ER-positive tumors.
TSPO was one of numerous potential early detection biomarkers specific to triple-negative breast cancer in multiple pathways identified.
- The 18-kDa translocator protein (TSPO) disrupts mammary epithelial morphogenesis and promotes breast cancer cell migration.
- Overexpression of alpha-defensin is associated with bladder cancer invasiveness.
- FGF18 as a prognostic and therapeutic biomarker in ovarian cancer.
- Translocator protein (TSPO) in breast cancer.