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SLPI

Basics

Aliases:
This biomarker is also known as:
  • secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (antileukoproteinase),
  • Seminal proteinase inhibitor,
  • BLPI,
  • Mucus proteinase inhibitor,
  • MPI,
  • ALP,
  • secretory leukocyte peptidase inhibitor,
  • HUSI,
  • WAP4,
  • WFDC4,
  • ALK1,
  • HUSI-I,
  • WAP four-disulfide core domain protein 4,
  • antileukoproteinase,

View in BioMuta

Description…

SLPI is a secreted inhibitor which protects epithelial tissues from serine proteases. It is found in various secretions including seminal plasma, cervical mucus, and bronchial secretions, and has affinity for trypsin, leukocyte elastase, and cathepsin G. Its inhibitory effect contributes to the immune response by protecting epithelial surfaces from attack by endogenous proteolytic enzymes; the protein is also thought to have broad-spectrum anti-biotic activity.

Attributes

QA State: Curated
Type: Protein
Short Name:
HGNC Name: SLPI

Datasets

There are no datasets associated with this biomarker.

Organs

The following organs have data associated with this biomarker…

Lung

Attributes

Phase: One
QA State: Under Review

Overview

Levels of the four proteins (SLPI, TFPI, TFPI2, and TIMP1) were studied in a set of 12 late stage lung cancer serum samples and 12 normal serum samples using the immunoaffinity-MRM methodology. It was found that the immunoaffinity-mass spectrometry-based quantification approach provides a specific and accurate assay for verifying the expression of potential biomarkers in patient serum samples especially for those proteins for which the necessary reagents for ELISA development are unavailable. (From PMID:18388126)

Performance Comment

Researchers have developed an immunoaffinity-mass spectrometry-based approach using antibodies to enrich multiple proteins of interest from sera followed by LC-MRM-based quantification. As a proof of concept, it was demonstrated that CEA can be detected and quantified in a subset of patient sera. This is the first reported detection of CEA in sera using a mass spectrometry-based approach in serum samples. This method has allowed quantifying potential protein biomarkers in sera in the low ng/ml range with an acceptable CV. This approach was further applied to potential protein biomarkers discovered from tumor cell lines and tumor tissues. A linear response was obtained from a multiplex spiking experiment in normal human sera for secretory leukocyte peptidase inhibitor (4-500 ng/ml), tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) (42-1000 ng/ml), tissue factor pathway inhibitor 2 (TFPI2) (2-250 ng/ml), and metalloproteinase inhibitor 1 (TIMP1) (430-1000 ng/ml). (From PMID:18388126)

Ovary

Attributes

Phase: Three
QA State: Curated

Overview

Overexpression of SLPI has been measured in invasive and low malignant potential tumors compared with benign and normal tissues.

Performance Comment

Of the 28 ovarian cancer biomarkers tested in prediagnostic specimens, from the PLCO, CA125 remains the single best biomarker for ovarian cancer and has its strongest signal within six months of diagnosis. SLPI alone was not a strong predictor.

Prostate

Attributes

Phase: One
QA State: Under Review

Overview

Performance Comment

Studies

This biomarker is currently being annotated or is under review. You must be logged in or do not have permission to view any additional information. Contact Heather Kincaid at heather.kincaid@jpl.nasa.gov if you should have access to this biomarker.

New Funding Opportunity: Biomarker Development Laboratories for the Early Detection Network: Applications Due May 23

Update: Pre-application webinar information now available.

The National Cancer Institute's Division of Cancer Prevention has released a new funding opportunity to solicit organ-specific applications for Biomarker Developmental Laboratories (BDLs), one of the four scientific units of the recently funded Early Detection Research Network (EDRN). The EDRN is a national infrastructure funded to discover, develop, and validate biomarkers for risk assessment, detection, and molecular diagnosis and prognosis of early cancer. BDLs are responsible for the discovery, development, characterization, and testing of new, or the refinement of existing, biomarkers and biomarker assays for risk assessment, detection, and molecular diagnosis and prognosis of cancers.

The existing BDLs are primarily focused on ovary and gastrointestinal cancers. The proposed BDLs (to be supported under this funding opportunity) should be focused on one or more of the following cancers: breast, prostate and other genitourinary organs, or lung. In addition, cancers with rapidly rising incidence rates, e.g., endometrial, hepatocellular, kidney, thyroid, oropharyngeal cancers, and/or cancers with unique etiology, e.g., mesothelioma, will be considered.

The newly funded units of the Early Detection Research Network will be announced later in April. Successful applicants have already been notified. Those researchers who were not successful during the last round of applications are encouraged to apply to this opportunity.