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PRL

Basics

Aliases:
This biomarker is also known as:
  • prolactin,

View in BioMuta

Description…

There is increasing evidence that prolactin (PRL), a hormone/cytokine, plays a role in breast, prostate, and colorectal cancers via local production or accumulation. Elevated levels of serum PRL in ovarian and endometrial cancers have been reported, indicating a potential role for PRL in endometrial and ovarian carcinogenesis.

Attributes

QA State: Curated
Type: Protein
Short Name:
HGNC Name: PRL

Datasets

There are no datasets associated with this biomarker.

Organs

The following organs have data associated with this biomarker…

Ovary

Attributes

Phase: Three
QA State: Curated

Overview

Elevated levels of serum PRL in ovarian and endometrial cancers have been reported, indicating a potential role for PRL in endometrial and ovarian carcinogenesis. Serum PRL levels are significantly elevated in women with a strong family history of ovarian cancer. There is evidence for dramatically increased expression of PRL receptor in ovarian and endometrial tumors as well as in endometrial hyperplasia, signifying the importance of PRL signaling in malignant and premalignant conditions. PRL mRNA has been shown to be expressed in ovarian and endometrial tumors, indicating the presence of an autocrine loop. PRL potently induces proliferation in several ovarian and endometrial cancer cell lines. Binding of PRL to its receptor is followed by rapid phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2, mitogen-activated protein kinase/ERK kinase 1, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3, CREB, ATF-2, and p53 and activation of 37 transcription factors in ovarian and endometrial carcinoma cells. PRL also activates Ras oncogene in these cells.

Performance Comment

Of the 28 ovarian cancer biomarkers tested in prediagnostic specimens, from the PLCO, CA125 remains the single best biomarker for ovarian cancer and has its strongest signal within six months of diagnosis. PRL alone was not a strong predictor.

Studies

This biomarker is currently being annotated or is under review. You must be logged in or do not have permission to view any additional information. Contact Heather Kincaid at heather.kincaid@jpl.nasa.gov if you should have access to this biomarker.

2015 Steering Committee Meeting

The next EDRN Steering Committee Meeting will take place March 31st through April 2nd, 2015, in Atlanta, Georgia.

Announcement 02/12/2015

Please register for the 29th EDRN Steering Committee Meeting in Atlanta, GA from March 31-April 2, 2015. The registration page has information about booking hotel rooms and a draft agenda of the meeting.

Announcement