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LEP

Basics

Aliases:
This biomarker is also known as:
  • leptin,
  • FLJ94114,
  • OBS,
  • obese, mouse, homolog of,
  • leptin (murine obesity homolog),
  • leptin (obesity homolog, mouse),
  • OB,
  • obesity factor,

View in BioMuta

Description…

Leptin (LEP) is secreted by white adipocytes and plays a major role in the regulation of body weight. This protein, which acts through the leptin receptor, functions as part of a signaling pathway that can inhibit food intake and/or regulate energy expenditure to maintain constancy of the adipose mass. Leptin has also been implicated in the regulation of reproduction, glucose homeostasis, bone formation, wound healing and the immune system. Leptin has several endocrine functions and is also involved in the regulation of immune and inflammatory responses, hematopoiesis, angiogenesis and wound healing. Mutations in the leptin gene and/or its regulatory regions cause severe obesity and morbid obesity with hypogonadism. The leptin gene has also been linked to type 2 diabetes mellitus development.

Attributes

QA State: Curated
Type: Protein
Short Name:
HGNC Name: LEP

Datasets

There are no datasets associated with this biomarker.

Organs

The following organs have data associated with this biomarker…

Breast

Attributes

Phase: Two
QA State: Under Review

Overview

Leptin is secreted by white adipocytes. Adipose tissue is currently considered a biologically active endocrine organ, secreting a variety of bioactive adipokines, such as leptin, adiponectin, resistin and nicotinamide phosphoribosyl-transferase/visfatin. Current research has shown that the combination of obesity, insulin resistance and adipokines is associated with the risk and prognosis of postmenopausal breast cancer.

Performance Comment

LEP, or leptin, was one of numerous potential early detection biomarkers specific to triple-negative breast cancer in multiple pathways identified.

Ovary

Attributes

Phase: Three
QA State: Curated

Overview

Leptin, a secreted protein of the ob gene by white adipose tissue, plays an important role in the regulation of food intake and energy consumption in the brain and acts as a potential growth stimulator in normal and neoplastic breast cancer cells. The expression of leptin receptors in immortalized ovarian surface epithelium (IOSE) and ovarian cancer cell lines, and potential effect of leptin on the cell growth and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in the BG-1 ovarian cancer cell line has been tested. Both short and long isoforms of leptin receptors are expressed in IOSE-80PC (a post-crisis line), BG-1, OVCAR-3, and SKOV-3 cells. In addition, treatment with leptin resulted in the growth stimulation of BG-1 cells, an activation of ERK1/2 and inhibition of constitutive phosphorylation of p38 MAPK.

Performance Comment

Of the 28 ovarian cancer biomarkers tested in prediagnostic specimens, from the PLCO, CA125 remains the single best biomarker for ovarian cancer and has its strongest signal within six months of diagnosis. LEP alone was not a strong predictor.

Studies

This biomarker is currently being annotated or is under review. You must be logged in or do not have permission to view any additional information. Contact Heather Kincaid at heather.kincaid@jpl.nasa.gov if you should have access to this biomarker.

2015 Steering Committee Meeting

The next EDRN Steering Committee Meeting will take place March 31st through April 2nd, 2015, in Atlanta, Georgia.

Announcement 12/02/2014

New Round of EDRN FOAs

The RFAs for EDRN have been released:
- Biomarker Developmental Laboratories (U01),
- Clinical Validation Centers (U01),
- Biomarker Reference Laboratories (U24),
- Data Management and Coordinating Center (U24).

EDRN Renewal flyer NOTE-New receipt deadline for applications submitted for all EDRN FOAs is January 20, 2015, by 5:00 PM local time of applicant organization.

There will be a Pre-Application webinar to discuss each of the four individual EDRN FOAs on Tuesday, December 2nd, 2014, from 1pm-5pm (Eastern). Potential applicants interested in participating in the webinar should send a message to Dr. Sharmistha Ghosh (ghoshjanjigias@mail.nih.gov) no later than 5:00 p.m. (EST) November 21, 2014. Please mention the FOA of interest in the subject line.

Announcement 10/07/2014

EDRN Patient Advocates will host an EDRN Advocacy Educational Webinar, Biomarkers for Prostate Cancer Detection and Monitoring, on Monday, January 12th, 2015, at 1 p.m. EDT / 10 a.m. PDT. Registration is not required for this. Please click for more information.