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CHI3L1

Basics

Aliases:
This biomarker is also known as:
  • Cartilage glycoprotein 39,
  • ASRT7,
  • GP-39,
  • YYL-40,
  • DKFZp686N19119,
  • Chitinase,
  • HC-gp39,
  • FLJ38139,
  • 39 kDa synovial protein,
  • CGP-39,
  • chitinase 3-like 1 (cartilage glycoprotein-39),
  • hCGP-39,
  • GP39,
  • YKL-40,
  • Chitinase-3-like protein 1,
  • YKL40,
  • HCGP-3P,

View in BioMuta

Description…

CHI3L1, also known as chitinase, a secreted protein, is a carbohydrate-binding lectin with a preference for chitin. It may play a role in defense against pathogens, or in tissue remodeling. It may also play an important role in the capacity of cells to respond to and cope with changes in their environment. CHI3L1 is present in activated macrophages, articular chondrocytes, synovial cells as well as in liver. It is undetectable in muscle tissues, lung, pancreas, mononuclear cells, or fibroblasts.

Attributes

QA State: Curated
Type: Protein
Short Name:
HGNC Name: CHI3L1

Datasets

There are no datasets associated with this biomarker.

Organs

The following organs have data associated with this biomarker…

Ovary

Attributes

Phase: Two
QA State: Curated

Overview

CHI3L1, also commonly known as chitinase or YKL-40, has been studied as a biomarker for disease onset and progression for a variety of cancers.

Performance Comment

Of the ovarian cancer biomarkers tested in prediagnostic specimens, from the PLCO, CA125 remains the single best biomarker for ovarian cancer and has its strongest signal within six months of diagnosis. CHI3L1 (chitinase) alone was not a strong predictor.

Studies

This biomarker is currently being annotated or is under review. You must be logged in or do not have permission to view any additional information. Contact Heather Kincaid at heather.kincaid@jpl.nasa.gov if you should have access to this biomarker.

Publications

No associated publications found.

New Funding Opportunity: Biomarker Development Laboratories for the Early Detection Network: Applications Due May 23

Update: Pre-application webinar information now available.

The National Cancer Institute's Division of Cancer Prevention has released a new funding opportunity to solicit organ-specific applications for Biomarker Developmental Laboratories (BDLs), one of the four scientific units of the recently funded Early Detection Research Network (EDRN). The EDRN is a national infrastructure funded to discover, develop, and validate biomarkers for risk assessment, detection, and molecular diagnosis and prognosis of early cancer. BDLs are responsible for the discovery, development, characterization, and testing of new, or the refinement of existing, biomarkers and biomarker assays for risk assessment, detection, and molecular diagnosis and prognosis of cancers.

The existing BDLs are primarily focused on ovary and gastrointestinal cancers. The proposed BDLs (to be supported under this funding opportunity) should be focused on one or more of the following cancers: breast, prostate and other genitourinary organs, or lung. In addition, cancers with rapidly rising incidence rates, e.g., endometrial, hepatocellular, kidney, thyroid, oropharyngeal cancers, and/or cancers with unique etiology, e.g., mesothelioma, will be considered.

The newly funded units of the Early Detection Research Network will be announced later in April. Successful applicants have already been notified. Those researchers who were not successful during the last round of applications are encouraged to apply to this opportunity.