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CDH1

Basics

Aliases:
This biomarker is also known as:
  • UVO,
  • CAM 120/80,
  • CD324,
  • uvomorulin,
  • E-Cadherin,
  • CDHE,
  • Cadherin-1,
  • cadherin 1, type 1, E-cadherin (epithelial),

View in BioMuta

Description…

From NCBI Gene: This gene is a classical cadherin from the cadherin superfamily. The encoded protein is a calcium dependent cell-cell adhesion glycoprotein comprised of five extracellular cadherin repeats, a transmembrane region and a highly conserved cytoplasmic tail. Mutations in this gene are correlated with gastric, breast, colorectal, thyroid and ovarian cancer. Loss of function is thought to contribute to progression in cancer by increasing proliferation, invasion, and/or metastasis. The ectodomain of this protein mediates bacterial adhesion to mammalian cells and the cytoplasmic domain is required for internalization. Identified transcript variants arise from mutation at consensus splice sites. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

Attributes

QA State: Curated
Type: Genomic
Short Name:
HGNC Name: CDH1

Datasets

There are no datasets associated with this biomarker.

Organs

The following organs have data associated with this biomarker…

Breast

Attributes

Phase: One
QA State: Curated

Overview

No additional data available.

Performance Comment

Ninety biomarkers were measured using a series of multiplexed immunoassays and results analyzed by the EDRN data management center splitting the cases and controls into training and validation sets, excluding subjects with DCIS or atypical hyperplasia from the training phase. We found little evidence that any of these markers can discriminate women with invasive cancer from those with benign breast conditions.

Lung

Attributes

Phase: One
QA State: Curated

Overview

Cadherins are cell-cell adhesion molecules. Lower levels of cadherins, particulary CDH1 (E-cadherin), can cause the cell to be unable to adhere, resulting in a loss of the normal architecture of tissues. This effect has been seen with CDH1 and lung cancer.

Performance Comment

CDH1 has been identified in serum and lung cancer tissue or cell culture as a candidate lung cancer biomarker. It has also been suggested as a biomarker to differentiate between bronchioloalveolar carcinoma and conventional pulmonary carcinoma, and between mesothelioma and metastatic pulmonary adenocarcinoma. CDH1 is also a member of a 12 protein panel that can discriminate NSCLC from controls with 91% sensitivity and 84% specificity in cross-validated training and 89% sensitivity and 83% specificity in a separate verification set, with similar performance for early and late stage NSCLC.

Prostate

Attributes

Phase: One
QA State: Under Review

Overview

Performance Comment

Studies

This biomarker is currently being annotated or is under review. You must be logged in or do not have permission to view any additional information. Contact Heather Kincaid at heather.kincaid@jpl.nasa.gov if you should have access to this biomarker.

New Funding Opportunity: Biomarker Development Laboratories for the Early Detection Network: Applications Due May 23

Update: Pre-application webinar information now available.

The National Cancer Institute's Division of Cancer Prevention has released a new funding opportunity to solicit organ-specific applications for Biomarker Developmental Laboratories (BDLs), one of the four scientific units of the recently funded Early Detection Research Network (EDRN). The EDRN is a national infrastructure funded to discover, develop, and validate biomarkers for risk assessment, detection, and molecular diagnosis and prognosis of early cancer. BDLs are responsible for the discovery, development, characterization, and testing of new, or the refinement of existing, biomarkers and biomarker assays for risk assessment, detection, and molecular diagnosis and prognosis of cancers.

The existing BDLs are primarily focused on ovary and gastrointestinal cancers. The proposed BDLs (to be supported under this funding opportunity) should be focused on one or more of the following cancers: breast, prostate and other genitourinary organs, or lung. In addition, cancers with rapidly rising incidence rates, e.g., endometrial, hepatocellular, kidney, thyroid, oropharyngeal cancers, and/or cancers with unique etiology, e.g., mesothelioma, will be considered.

The newly funded units of the Early Detection Research Network will be announced later in April. Successful applicants have already been notified. Those researchers who were not successful during the last round of applications are encouraged to apply to this opportunity.